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Oral Jaw Issues

A protruding lower jaw, otherwise known as a severe underbite or progthsim, is an oral condition that can affect people...

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What do Oral Surgeons do?

Oral surgery is one of the dental specialties in the field of health care and involves the diagnosis and treatment...

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Facial Soft Tissue Problems

Some of the facial soft-tissue injuries are poor cosmesis, nasal septum necrosis, Infection, hematoma, cauliflower ear or loss of function....

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What do Oral Surgeons do?

Oral surgery is one of the dental specialties in the field of health care and involves the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, defects or injuries of the maxillofacial area (the face, mouth and teeth), with the ultimate aim of improving function and/or aesthetics. Procedures are usually carried out in a dentist’s office under anesthesia by oral and maxillofacial surgeons, or simply oral surgeons. Here’s a look at what these specialists do.

  1. Place dental implants

Implants are artificial tooth roots that are commonly used to replace missing teeth. Together with cosmetic dentists who design the patient’s smile or restoration, oral surgeons can help with both the planning and placement of tooth implants. They can do this by carrying out bone reconstruction where needed or modifying gum tissue around the new implants to ensure a more natural appearance.

  1. Remove impacted teeth

In some cases, teeth may fail to grow out of the gums as they should normally do because they are either misaligned or crowded against other teeth. Sometimes such a condition can be caused by a cyst and can result to the shifting of other teeth or even disease. Your surgeon will remove the impacted tooth by performing a procedure known as tooth extraction.

  1. Improve fit of dentures

Denture surgery is a popular cosmetic procedure that is performed to replace missing teeth .Although modern dentures are made to look natural and feel comfortable; they can sometimes be ill or poor fitting. Where this situation is caused by irregularities in your jaw, an oral surgeon can perform a correctional procedure which may include bone grafts (ideal when supporting jawbone is either lacking or deficient).

  1. Correct unequal jaw growth

Unequal growth of the upper and lower jaws can’t affect normal functioning and cause difficulties in talking, eating and breathing among others. In the worst case scenario, oral surgery can be performed to correct the condition and leave a more balanced and functional jaw structure.

  1. Cleft lip/ palate repair

Cleft lip and cleft palate are birth defects that occur where there is insufficient tissue in the lip area and mouth respectively , and the tissue available does not fuse together properly resulting in a split or gap . The condition is associated with feeding difficulties, dental problems, ear infections and delayed speech. Surgeons typically participate in the correction of these defects to restore function.

  1. Treat facial injuries

An oral surgeon may also be involved in the emergency care, treatment and long term rehabilitation of facial injuries. Such injuries typically impart both emotional and physical trauma to patients and can be caused accident falls, assaults or sports injuries among others. They may include the following:

  • Facial lacerations,
  • Avulsed teeth,
  • Fractured jaws,
  • Fractured bones (cheek or eye socket)
  1. Remove infected tissue

Infections in areas such as the neck and mouth can lead to serious medical problems but are treatable. During the procedure, the dental specialist will identify and remove the infected tissue, which lowers the risk of further problems. Individuals who suffer from cancerous growths (whether oral or facial) can also significantly benefit from the surgery.

Facial Soft Tissue Problems

Some of the facial soft-tissue injuries are poor cosmesis, nasal septum necrosis, Infection, hematoma, cauliflower ear or loss of function. A facial reiteration repair is normally the best approach to get an optimum outcome. Explained below is one of the methodological approaches that would take place.

Eyebrow injuries

Eyebrow injuries are direct the attention of the surgeon to the possibility of a fracture to the frontal sinuses. Normally, they check for subtle displacements by placing an index finger on each rim while the patients head is tilted back. Plastic or maxillofacial surgery is best for this procedure. They check for any sensation, and attempt to maintain the alignment of the brows while repairing. There might be some significant cosmetic deformities and there is a possibility of the brow growing back abnormally or not growing back at all.

Eyelid Injuries

Patients that come in with these injuries are examined thoroughly for ocular or nasolacrimal duct injuries. Surgeons usually explore foreign bodies and examine the tarsal plate. If there are any damages to the tarsal plate, the patient is referred to the ophthalmologist for repair. Simple lacerations are usually treatable without damaging the whole eye but only if they don’t involve the margins. If there extensive or complicated injuries then it is best to have plastic surgery immediately.

Eye injury

People who have succumbed to eye injury are examined for gross injury, papillary responses to direct or indirect light, rapture of the iris, asymmetry and the anterior chambers are inspected for blood. The cornea is also examined for foreign bodies with all the necessary equipments to make sure there is thorough examination.

Ear Injuries

Some of the damages to the ear might be tearing of the blood vessels and some of the injuries could result to significant cosmetic deformities so it is best to have them checked immediately by a specialist.

Nose injuries

When the nose is fractured, there is usually some deformity. Swelling of the soft tissue in the nose is an indication of hematoma or fractured nasal bones or even cartridges. When the bleeding has been controlled, intranasal inspection is performed.

Tongue injuries

When a patient comes in a tongue injury, the surgeon checks for any absence of tissue but most minor lacerations don’t need to be repaired but complex issues like through and through lacerations must be repaired because if they are associated with foreign bodies they could result to a bifid tongue.

Mouth and Lips Injuries

The lips are normally inspected very carefully to check for any vermilion border for effective repair. If not repaired efficiently, it could result to a deformity. The insides of the lips are inspected for wounds as well as inside the cheeks for any through and through wounds.

Nerve injuries

The facial nerve, which is a part of the facial soft tissue, is quite susceptible to facial injuries. A surgeon should repair any injury to the nerve so that there are no defects at all. Any wound that is close to the facial nerve warrants operative exploration.